What is it about?
New Policy Brief: Intergenerational Justice in Austria Compared
The European Centre has published a new Policy Brief in which Pieter Vanhuysse presents a simple four-dimensional snapshot indicator of intergenerational justice (IJI) in practice for Austria and 28 other OECD countries. Three of the IJI dimensions measure policy outcomes that leave legacy burdens towards younger and future generations: the ecological footprint created by all generations alive today; early-life starting conditions as measured by child poverty levels; and the public debt burdens on the shoulders of currently young generations. A fourth dimension presents a measure of welfare states’ overall pro-elderly bias in social spending.
Employment Quotas for Disabled Persons: Parameters, Aspects, Effectiveness
In his recent (German-language) article, Michael Fuchs analyses quota systems for private and/or public enterprises/institutions that exist in the majority of EU-countries. Their target is to stimulate labour demand by committing employers to employ a certain share of employees with disabilities. Typically, the stipulated share ranges between 2% and 7% of the workforce. In most countries the degree of fulfilment ranges between 30% and 70%. According to available empirical data, quota systems only lead to small net employment gains. While already employed persons who become disabled and can be included, are more likely to be employed continuously, quotas only provide small incentives to hire disabled people. (Michael Fuchs: ‘Beschäftigungsquoten für behinderte Personen: Parameter, Aspekte, Effektivität’, in: Soziale Sicherheit 9/2013, 438-445)
Data driving health - the Health Data Navigator: an innovative tool for health research
In their article ‘Data driving health’ published in the Pan European Networks: Government, Issue 7, Maria M. Hofmarcher and Juliane Winkelmann address the challenges of accessing comparable data for healthcare research. They introduce the EuroREACH project which responded to these challenges by developing a platform to promote transparency in available healthcare data sources and initiatives. The ‘Health Data Navigator’ guides researchers and policy-makers to access patient-level and disease-oriented data as well provides information on good practice regarding data use in the comparative assessment of health systems.
Comparing Family Policies in Italy to Selected European Union Member States
Kai Leichsenring contributed a chapter to a new book comparing family policies in Italy to selected European Union Member States, discussing the consequences of ‘subsidiarity upside down’. This documentation (Festival della Famiglia di Trento. Crisi economica e programmazione delle politiche familiari, L. Malfer and F. Gagliarducci, eds., Milano 2013: Franco Angeli, in Italian only) gathers contributions to the ‘Family’s Festival’ in Trento (October 2012) by various authors from Giovanni Bertin and Pierpaolo Donati to Mario Monti and Chiara Valentini.
Review in Social Policy & Administration: James Fishkin and Robert Goodin's Population and Political Theory
Pieter Vanhuysse has published a review of James Fishkin and Robert Goodin's edited volume Population and Political Theory in the journal Social Policy & Administration 47 (1) (impact factor 0.976). The book presents 13 chapters on issues such as optimum population size, future generations’ future rights, the global ethic of longterm care and and generational conflict in social policy, written by the likes of Peter Singer, Derek Parfit, Partha Dasgupta, Joakim Palme, and Dan Brock.
A new inventory of data on demographic change and healthy ageing
The Joint Programme Initiative’s (JPI) ‘More Years, Better Lives’ undertook a data-mapping exercise to analyse available data sources relevant for demographic change in Austria and across Europe, see the results here. The website includes relevant data sources on demographic change and health in Austria collected by Katharine Schulmann, Juliane Winkelmann, Maria M. Hofmarcher, Eszter Zólyomi and Ricardo Rodrigues who were also authors of the national report on demographic change, policy concerns and data sources in Austria, available here. The JPI data project seeks to examine whether there are major gaps in the available data infrastructure as well as to provide statistical agencies with user-driven feedback on standard data sources.
Quick scan service for Israeli NLO: Italian welfare state
At the request of our Israeli NLO Renee Techelet, Kai Leichsenring, Giovanni Lamura, and Pieter Vanhuysse performed a quick scan survey of the strengths of the Italian welfare state. While it is coping with manifold structural problems and reform challenges, the Italian welfare state is also characterized by a number of strong points. These include a strong support to the reconciliation of (paid) work and (unpaid) care activities, through probably one of the most munificent sets of care leaves for workers who are also informal carers. Moreover, Italy has a relatively generous cash-for-care scheme to financially support dependent (older) people and their caregivers, and the huge presence of migrant care workers who are privately paid by dependent people’s families (also thanks to the care allowances) allows delivery of a quite tailorised home care to at least a million of (older) Italians, thus reducing to a minimum the use of residential care. For more information, please contact: Kai Leichsenring, Pieter Vanhuysse
Expert Workshop with the Swedish Social Ministry
On October 10th, the European Centre hosted a large delegation of experts from the Swedish Social Ministry in the Mozarthaus Vienna for a workshop on our social policy research. European Centre researchers presented on recent and ongoing projects regarding Long Term Care (Ricardo Rodrigues and Kai Leichsenring, and Andrea Schmidt), Austrian social policy simulation (Katrin Gasior) and integration of disabled workers (Michael Fuchs and Eszter Zolyomi).
Migrant care and its effect on the Austrian care labour market and welfare state
With increased reliance on live-in migrant carers from Eastern European countries providing 24-hours care, Austria’s labour market is increasingly shaped by divergent employment structures. Juliane Winkelmann discussed the implications of the 24-hours care reform on the Austrian care labour market in her presentation of the paper ‘Double standards in regulating migrant care work? – Analysing cleavages in the care labour market in Austria’, co-authored with Andrea Schmidt and Kai Leichsenring, at the seminar ‘Analysing the political economy of household services in Europe’ on 3-4 October 2013 at Sciences Po/LIEPP, Paris.
Long-term Care for Older People
The ‘First Interprofessional Congress of Long-term Care for Older People’ was organised by the Hungarian Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics on 1-2 October 2013 in Budapest. Kai Leichsenring contributed to this event by presenting approaches to assess, ensure and improve quality in emerging long-term care (LTC) systems across Europe. Definitions and caveats were discussed alongside a number of selected initiatives to promote quality development of organisations providing LTC. To scale up such initiatives the different stakeholders need to be involved in the dialogue on measuring and improving the quality of LTC. See also: interlinks.euro.centre.org