What is it about?

New Policy Brief

Quota Systems for Disabled Persons: Parameters, Aspects, Effectivity
In his recent Policy Brief, Michael Fuchs analyses quota systems for private and/or public enterprises/institutions that exist in the majority of EU-countries. Their target is to stimulate labour demand by committing employers to employ a certain share of employees with disabilities. Typically, the stipulated share ranges between 2% and 7% of the workforce. In most countries the degree of fulfilment ranges between 30% and 70%. According to available empirical data, quota systems only lead to small net employment gains. While already employed persons who become disabled and can be included are more likely to be employed continuously, quotas only provide small incentives to hire disabled people. Read more

Research

Intergenerational justice study reported in OECD Insights and Huffington Post
Pieter Vanhuysse's study on intergenerational justice has been reported in an article focusing on the Nordic countries' sound performance by Mi Ah Shoyen and Bjorn Hvinden from NOVA Oslo in OECD Insights, and in an article focusing on Italy's bad performance by Marco Morosini from ETH Zürich in The Huffington Post Deutschland. On the performance of Austria, see European Centre Policy Brief.

Past Events

International Seminar: Do Business Interests Sustain Austria's Welfare State?
Thomas Paster (Max Planck Köln) delivered an EC International Seminar on the role of business interests in sustaining the Austrian welfare state. Business interests have become more assertive in pushing for welfare retrenchment, arguing that high labour costs impede international competitiveness. But Austria’s peak-level employers’ federation, the Wirtschaftskammer Österreich (WKÖ), stands out as an exception in this regard. The WKÖ takes relatively moderate positions on welfare state reform compared to employers’ federations in other European countries. This seminar discussed the reasons for this exceptionally moderate role of Austrian employers and suggests that the institutional setup of interest representation in Austria explains this stance better than alternative explanations.
Presentation of the European Centre to delegates of the Flemish Parliament
At the invitation of the High Representative of the Flemish government in Austria, Pieter Vanhuysse presented the European Centre's range of activities to a large visiting delegation of the Commission for Foreign Policy, European Affairs and International Cooperation of the Flemish Parliament at the MUMOK in Vienna.

Book Review

Review in Norwegian Journal of Social Research
Pieter Vanhuysse's book Ageing Populations in Postindustrial Democracies with Achim Goerres has been reviewed in the Norwegian Journal of Social Research. Excerpt: ‘Will demographic change lead politicians (…) to push forward cuts in the generosity of public pensions, or do larger shares of grey voters constitute a political bloc that defends the status quo? And to what extent do political and economic institutions affect the choices of different countries in the face of demographic change? …Vanhuysse and Goerres have edited a useful, well-organized, and at times original book about the challenges and consequences of an aging population from a political science perspective. I can confidently recommend the book for anyone interested in comparative welfare research.’